List of Figures

Figure 1. Location of Lost Valley, California and site CA-SDI-2506  (The Bog Site).
Figure 2. Sketch map of the Cupeño territory showing the lands owned by different clans. te = temewhatnitcem (Northerners) (from Strong 1929:248).
Figure 3. Test of the model using the Hot Springs Mountain  DEM, start path in Warner Springs area, end path at Lost  Valley (screenshot from ArcView 9.2).
Figure 4. Location of the San Luis Rey watershed within San  Diego County.
Figure 5. Changes in the boundary of the project area.
Figure 6. USGS DEM titles and placement of those used in projects.
Figure 7. The selected LCP from among the many that could be chosen.
Figure 8. Example of a DEM after transformation from SDTS format to a grid readable in ArcView on left. Right, after adding color and manipulating visual for hillshade to give depth.
Figure 9. An alternate 12-DEM block, showing least-cost paths compared to probable site areas.
Figure 10. Least-cost paths covering ten DEMs to show relationship of the path network to Lost Valley.
Figure 11. Using sample data from SCIC for approximate site locations.
Figure 12. Areas of probable sites shown with the path chosen for the virtual tour.
Figure 13. Least-cost path for comparison  to an aerial view of the landscape.
Figure 14. Isolated LCP saved as a jpg file.
Figure 15. LCP imported into Google Earth.
Figure 16. Plan view of the southern  end of the line file.
Figure 17. A closer view of the southern  end of the line file showing the terrain.
Figure 18. Landscape view from the southern end of the  line file looking north at a near 90 degree angle.
Figure 19. View of the LCP at the first junction looking north.
Figure 20. First junction pivot. Turning the corner at  the first junction to head northeast.
Figure 21. Landscape view from first  junction of the LCP facing northeast  with Lost Valley on the horizon.
Figure 22. Plan view of the watershed  boundary past Lost Valley.
Figure 23. View to the east from the crossing of the  watershed boundary out to the Anza-Borrego desert.  The Salton Sea can be seen on the horizon.
Figure 24.View towards the west from the watershed boundary.  A 180 degree turn to the west, looking back at Lost Valley.
Figure 25. A day of instruction at field school in summer of 2003.
Figure 26. Pilot screenshot of ArcGIS 9.2 and least-cost path  analysis (dark red line) from Cupa (green circle) to Lost Valley  and site CA-SDI-2506 (red circle).
Figure 27. The location of the San Luis Rey watershed within San Diego County.
Figure 28. ArcView 9.2 map of San Luis Rey Watershed with elevation shown in relief,  waterways (blue lines) within the watershed shown as well as roads (red lines). The least-cost path analysis (neon green line) was made from a point near the coast along the San Luis Rey River to CA-SDI-2506 in Lost Valley.
Figure 29. The head of the San Luis Rey watershed and adjacent area.
Figure 30. Smaller block around the head of the San Luis Rey watershed.
Figure 31. Close-up of smaller block in Figure 30.


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